Dukan diet, pros and cons of this diet.
In 2016, it was included in the rating of “Best diets for healthy eating”. According to only official statistics, of all losing weight it tried every third. Despite the flurry of criticism, the number of those who were able to lose weight is growing. It was developed more than 30 years ago, but only in the last 5 years has come such popularity.
The essence of the Dukan diet
The technique was developed by a famous French nutritionist. He called it” Eat and lose weight ” – and in these words is the whole essence of the diet Dukan, as it involves the use of nutritious, but low-calorie foods. A large selection of fish, meat, dairy dishes does not exhaust the body physically, and you – morally. Despite the duration of the “hunger strike”, it is tolerated easily enough and allows you to feel great.
The main principle of the diet-the use of mainly protein foods on the background of complete rejection of carbohydrates.
A description of the stages
The way of weight loss is divided into stages (phases), each of which is responsible for certain processes occurring in the body, and involves a specific set of permitted and prohibited products.
Phase 1. Attack
The most difficult and at the same time effective of all – the phase of “Attack”, when there is a complete replacement of carbohydrate food for protein. It starts the process of burning fat. Here weight loss in the range of 4-7 kg.
Phase 2. Cruise / Alternation
Very long phase, which many do not stand it because of the term. Here Dukan offers to alternate only protein days with protein-vegetable. You will have to continue until you see the desired figure on the scales. Usually the second stage lasts 2-6 months.
Phase 3. Consolidation
The third phase allows you to gradually return to the usual diet. The goal is to record the results of weight loss achieved in the previous phases, and not to return the lost weight.
It is very important to correctly calculate the duration of the stage: for each dropped kilogram – charged 10 days of consolidation. To example: lost 10 kg-sit on this phase 100 days. Do not be afraid of such large numbers, because there are allowed not only carbohydrates, but also such amenities as sweet desserts in the form of cake and cakes.
Phase 4. Stabilization
The fourth phase returns to the usual diet, but subject to a number of rules:
- Drink up to 2 liters of water per day;
- a lot of walking in the fresh air;
- climb the stairs of each staircase that you meet on the way-elevators and escalators to exclude;
- do sports or at least do exercises in the morning;
- arrange regular fasting days;
- consumed daily for 3 tbsp of oat bran.
According to Dr. Dukan, the weight after the diet is returned only to the lazy who lead a passive lifestyle. He offers to get carried away by an active hobby to forget about excess weight forever. If you fix the results of physical activity, the body will acquire the desired harmony.
Contraindications and harms
Since the diet was hit by an avalanche of criticism from physicians, it is necessary to understand that protein weight loss can not pass without a trace for the body. Long-term lack of carbohydrates in the diet can result in serious health problems. Therefore, you need to imagine initially, what is the harm of such a system of weight loss.
First, it has contraindications, failure to comply with which will lead to disruption of many body systems:
- The presence of diseases of the cardiovascular system and predisposition to them;
- renal dysfunction;
- liver pathology;
- problems in the reproductive system;
- bone, joint and spine diseases;
- adolescence and old age;
- pregnancy and lactation;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
With caution to such a diet should be treated people who are engaged in mental work, whose work requires increased concentration (drivers, doctors, etc.), as well as suffering from metabolic disorders and prone to depression.
Since the diet involves weight loss for a long time (sometimes up to six months or more), before you sit on it, it is necessary to be examined and get a doctor’s permission.
It is necessary to make a reservation at once, what you may encounter in the hospital, asking the doctor’s opinion about this food system. Pierre Ducane is not favored in his former professional environment, as he turned the idea of medicine into a business and earned them a considerable fortune. So do not be surprised at the negative in his direction.